Flexible Spending Accounts
Flexible Spending Accounts (FSAs) allow you to use tax-free dollars to pay eligible expenses by entering into a salary redirection arrangement. This arrangement helps you save Social Security and income taxes on the amount of your salary redirection.
The Health Care Flexible Spending Account allows you to pay for out-of-pocket health care expenses you expect during the year, such as contact lenses and solutions or medical expenses not fully covered by the Medical Plan, Prescription Drug Plan, Dental Plan, or Vision Plan. The Health Care Flexible Spending Account is part of the Health Care Program.
The Dependent Care Flexible Spending Account covers dependent care expenses that allow you to work. Covered expenses include day care for children or a disabled spouse or parent (see "Eligible Dependents" for details).
None of the terms and conditions contained in the official plan documents are changed by anything in this summary plan description (SPD). If there is a disagreement between this SPD and the plan documents, the plan documents will govern. If you wish to see or receive a copy of the plan documents, contact your local HR representative or contact the Plan Administrator at:
Attention: Benefits Department
Alliance Coal, LLC
PO Box 22027
Tulsa, OK 74121-2027
FSA Tax Savings
FSAs reduce your taxes because contributions are made with pre-tax dollars – that is, the money is taken out of your pay before Social Security, federal, and (in most cases) state and local taxes are calculated.
When you have an eligible out-of-pocket expense, you are reimbursed from your account – and the reimbursement is not taxable.
Because you pay with pre-tax dollars, your taxes are reduced and your spendable income can increase.
For example, if your combined taxes are 25%, and you contribute $1,000 to an FSA, you save $250 in taxes.
Another way to think about this $1,000 contribution is that instead of receiving $750 in take-home pay ($1,000 - $250 taxes), you have the full $1,000 available to pay for expenses you expect to pay for out of your pocket.
How to Participate
For information about eligibility, see "Eligibility and Enrollment" in the Health Care Program Participation section.
To participate in one or both FSAs as a newly eligible employee, and for each new calendar year that you wish to participate, you must make a new election using the Flexible Spending Account Enrollment Form. FSA elections do not automatically renew each year. Regardless of whether you make a new election, any carryover amount (as described below) will be available for the new year.
You determine the portion of your pay you want to contribute to either or both FSAs. It is very important that you estimate your eligible expenses carefully when deciding how much to contribute; this is because the Internal Revenue Service requires that you forfeit any money not used for eligible expenses during the year, except as provided under "Carryover" in the "Health Care Flexible Spending Account Benefits" section below.
Your election will remain in effect for the entire year unless you have a qualified change in status.
If you elect to participate in one or both of the FSAs, you will need to take certain steps to be reimbursed for your eligible expenses.
- When you incur an expense that is eligible for payment, you submit a request to the claims administrator using the Navia Benefits Solutions, Inc. (Navia) online employee portal or mobile app, or an FSA Claim Form. You must include a receipt, statement, or bill from an independent third party stating that the expense has been incurred and the amount of such expense.
- For eligible expenses incurred during the calendar year in which you elect to participate, you will have until March 31 of the following year to submit a claim for reimbursement. You will be notified in writing if any claim for benefits is denied.
Please note that it is not necessary that you have actually paid an amount due for an eligible expense — only that you have incurred the expense, and that it is not being paid for or reimbursed from any other source. The only exception is that orthodontia claims are reimbursable based on date of payment.
You may receive reimbursement by either:
- Direct deposit into your checking or savings account (if you elect this option online or have submitted a Direct Deposit Authorization Form); or
- Check mailed to your home address on record.
Generally, the claims are reimbursed within two weeks after they are received by the claims administrator.
Eligible expenses must have been incurred (or paid, for orthodontia claims) during the calendar year. Based on IRS regulations, you may not be reimbursed for any expenses incurred:
- Before the calendar year begins,
- Before your Salary Redirection Agreement becomes effective,
- After the close of the calendar year,
- After a separation from service (except as allowed under continuation coverage under COBRA), or
- Before the health care service is actually rendered (even if your doctor requires that an expense be paid in advance).
Failure to submit the required forms could result in your reimbursement being delayed and/or denied.
You will not be entitled to receive any direct or indirect payment of any amount that represents the difference between the actual eligible expenses you have been reimbursed and the annual benefit level you have elected and paid for except as provided under "Carryover" in the "Health Care Flexible Spending Account Benefits" section below.
Any amount forfeited will be retained by the Plan Administrator and used to offset reasonable administrative expenses.
Service Center Provided by the Claims Administrator
Navia offers you an online portal and mobile app. Use them to view your FSA balance and account activity, as well as to file claims, check on claims status, and download forms. Navia Customer Service is also available to answer questions about your account or benefits.
You can contact Navia:
- By phone: (800) 669-3539 between 7:00 a.m. and 7:00 p.m. CT on regular business days
- By email: Claims@NaviaBenefits.com
- By fax: (866) 831-6222